【工具分享】WordPress安全检测工具——WPScan

介绍

WPScan是一款优秀的WordPress黑盒扫描工具,由WPScanTeam开发。它的功能包括:用户、插件枚举,列目录,插件漏洞检测和wordpress主题检查、文件发现。

下载安装

WPScan可以安装在Linux和Mac上,Windows不支持WPScan。Kali上已经装了wpscan,所以具体的安装步骤我也试过,这里就搬来官网的吧。

WPScan comes pre-installed on the following Linux distributions:

Windows is not supported

Prerequisites

  • Ruby >= 2.1.9 - Recommended: 2.3.3
  • Curl >= 7.21 - Recommended: latest - FYI the 7.29 has a segfault
  • RubyGems - Recommended: latest
  • Git

Installing dependencies on Ubuntu

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sudo apt-get install libcurl4-openssl-dev libxml2 libxml2-dev libxslt1-dev ruby-dev build-essential libgmp-dev zlib1g-dev

Installing dependencies on Debian

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sudo apt-get install gcc git ruby ruby-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev make zlib1g-dev

Installing dependencies on Fedora

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sudo dnf install gcc ruby-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel libxslt libxslt-devel libcurl-devel patch rpm-build

Installing dependencies on Arch Linux

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pacman -Syu ruby
pacman -Syu libyaml

Installing dependencies on Mac OSX

Apple Xcode, Command Line Tools and the libffi are needed (to be able to install the FFI gem), See http://stackoverflow.com/questions/17775115/cant-setup-ruby-environment-installing-fii-gem-error

If you are using GNOME Terminal, there are some steps required before executing the commands. See here for more information:
https://rvm.io/integration/gnome-terminal#integrating-rvm-with-gnome-terminal

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# Install all prerequisites for your OS (look above)
cd ~
curl -sSL https://rvm.io/mpapis.asc | gpg --import -
curl -sSL https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable
source ~/.rvm/scripts/rvm
echo "source ~/.rvm/scripts/rvm" >> ~/.bashrc
rvm install 2.3.3
rvm use 2.3.3 --default
echo "gem: --no-ri --no-rdoc" > ~/.gemrc
gem install bundler
git clone https://github.com/wpscanteam/wpscan.git
cd wpscan
gem install bundler
bundle install --without test
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git clone https://github.com/wpscanteam/wpscan.git
cd wpscan
sudo gem install bundler && bundle install --without test

基本用法

WPScan的一些基本参数

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--update Update the database to the latest version.
--url | -u <target url> The WordPress URL/domain to scan.
--force | -f Forces WPScan to not check if the remote site is running WordPress.
--enumerate | -e [option(s)] Enumeration.
option :
u usernames from id 1 to 10
u[10-20] usernames from id 10 to 20 (you must write [] chars)
p plugins
vp only vulnerable plugins
ap all plugins (can take a long time)
tt timthumbs
t themes
vt only vulnerable themes
at all themes (can take a long time)
Multiple values are allowed : "-e tt,p" will enumerate timthumbs and plugins
If no option is supplied, the default is "vt,tt,u,vp"
--exclude-content-based "<regexp or string>"
Used with the enumeration option, will exclude all occurrences based on the regexp or string supplied.
You do not need to provide the regexp delimiters, but you must write the quotes (simple or double).
--config-file | -c <config file> Use the specified config file, see the example.conf.json.
--user-agent | -a <User-Agent> Use the specified User-Agent.
--cookie <string> String to read cookies from.
--random-agent | -r Use a random User-Agent.
--follow-redirection If the target url has a redirection, it will be followed without asking if you wanted to do so or not
--batch Never ask for user input, use the default behaviour.
--no-color Do not use colors in the output.
--log Creates a log.txt file with WPScan's output.
--no-banner Prevents the WPScan banner from being displayed.
--disable-accept-header Prevents WPScan sending the Accept HTTP header.
--disable-referer Prevents setting the Referer header.
--disable-tls-checks Disables SSL/TLS certificate verification.
--wp-content-dir <wp content dir> WPScan try to find the content directory (ie wp-content) by scanning the index page, however you can specify it.
Subdirectories are allowed.
--wp-plugins-dir <wp plugins dir> Same thing than --wp-content-dir but for the plugins directory.
If not supplied, WPScan will use wp-content-dir/plugins. Subdirectories are allowed
--proxy <[protocol://]host:port> Supply a proxy. HTTP, SOCKS4 SOCKS4A and SOCKS5 are supported.
If no protocol is given (format host:port), HTTP will be used.
--proxy-auth <username:password> Supply the proxy login credentials.
--basic-auth <username:password> Set the HTTP Basic authentication.
--wordlist | -w <wordlist> Supply a wordlist for the password brute forcer.
--username | -U <username> Only brute force the supplied username.
--usernames <path-to-file> Only brute force the usernames from the file.
--cache-dir <cache-directory> Set the cache directory.
--cache-ttl <cache-ttl> Typhoeus cache TTL.
--request-timeout <request-timeout> Request Timeout.
--connect-timeout <connect-timeout> Connect Timeout.
--threads | -t <number of threads> The number of threads to use when multi-threading requests.
--max-threads <max-threads> Maximum Threads.
--throttle <milliseconds> Milliseconds to wait before doing another web request. If used, the --threads should be set to 1.
--help | -h This help screen.
--verbose | -v Verbose output.
--version Output the current version and exit.

实例

kali下打开方式如下
这里以一个表哥搭建的测试站点为例。

扫描一下站点

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wpscan --url www.example.com

枚举用户列表

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wpscan --url www.example.com --enumerate u

枚举已安装的插件

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wpscan --url www.example.com --enumerate p

这里我们可以看到只安装了一个akismet插件,但是无法确定它的版本,就把这个插件的所有漏洞情况展示出来了。我们可以进一步尝试利用。

爆破用户密码

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wpscan –-url www.example.com –-wordlist wordlist.lst –-username admin –-threads 50

wordlist.lst是字典,有个好字典很重要!!!我的字典就不行,所以这里没跑出来密码。。。。。

还有一些其他的参数也可以扫描,可以参考上面的参数表

参考及感谢

如何使用WPScan辅助渗透WordPress网站
感谢WPScanTeam


声明:
文章标题:【工具分享】WordPress安全检测工具——WPScan
文章作者:RookieHacker
文章链接:http://rookiehacker.coding.me/blog/2017/02/04/wpscan/
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